What should be done against diseases during seasonal transitions?

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As sudden temperature fluctuations and cold weather grip the region, there is a concerning uptick in diseases, particularly among children. Factors such as heightened bacterial presence, dust, and pollen in enclosed spaces like classrooms and close contact with the sick contribute to children falling ill more frequently. We consulted Medicana Ata┼čehir Hospital Child Health and Diseases Specialist, Dr. M. Hande Tanal, who emphasized the importance of taking preventive measures.

Children’s Vulnerability in Seasonal Shifts

Dr. Tanal highlighted that children are especially susceptible to diseases during seasonal transitions, particularly those who spend extended hours indoors. Upper respiratory tract infections, common in autumn, result from exposure to flu, cold, and infectious agents. Symptoms include fever, sore throat, cough, and sneezing, as well as hoarseness, earache, and postnasal drip.

Preventive Measures

To safeguard children, maintaining proper hand hygiene, a balanced diet, and regular consumption of vitamin C-rich fruits and vegetables is crucial. It’s advisable to avoid crowded indoor areas and ensure sufficient sleep.

Weather Changes and Ear Infections

Sudden weather changes facilitate the spread of diseases. Ear infections are prevalent due to the short Eustachian tube in children, allowing throat infections to progress to the ear. Humidifying rooms, nasal saline solutions, and ear examinations are essential for early intervention.

Allergies and Asthma

Allergic reactions manifest as nasal congestion, runny nose, cough, and sneezing, without fever or weakness. Identifying allergens and avoiding them is key. Seasonal shifts, especially cold weather, can trigger asthma attacks. Careful monitoring is vital to avoid complications.

Healthy Living

Balanced nutrition and adequate sleep are essential for a robust immune system. Regular sleep enhances mental and physical health. Spending time outdoors, proper ventilation, and hygiene are imperative. Sick children should stay home, complete vaccinations, and dress appropriately for the season.

Expert Advice:

Dr. M. Hande Tanal advises, “A balanced diet and regular sleep strengthen the immune system. Spending time outside, adequate hand hygiene, and staying home when sick are crucial. Checking children’s vaccinations during seasonal transitions is essential.”

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